What causes a gummy smile and can it be fixed?
A gummy smile, also known as excessive gingival display, occurs when a person’s smile shows more gum tissue than teeth. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, improper tooth eruption, and overgrowth of gum tissue. A gummy smile can cause self-consciousness and affect a person’s confidence, but there are several treatments available to correct it. In this blog post, we’ll explore the causes of a gummy smile and the different treatment options available.
What is a Gummy Smile?
Did you know that there is no universal definition of a gummy smile, and that it is largely based on perception? You’ve probably seen a gummy smile before. In fact, studies have been conducted to determine what people consider to be excessive gingival display. Participants found smiles with two millimeters or less of gum tissue exposed to be attractive in the majority of cases, while smiles with three millimetres or more of exposed gum tissue were deemed gummy. Surprisingly, gummy smiles are more common in women than men. According to some specialists, around 14% of women and 7% of men have excessive gingival shows.
Causes of a Gummy Smile
In some cases, a gummy smile is caused by genetics. This means that the size and shape of the jawbone, as well as the amount of gum tissue, are predetermined by your genes. If your family members have a gummy smile, you may be more likely to have one as well.
- Improper Tooth Eruption
When teeth do not emerge properly from the gums, they can appear shorter than they actually are. This can create the appearance of a gummy smile. Improper tooth eruption can be caused by a variety of factors, including teeth that are too small for the jawbone, delayed tooth eruption, and overcrowding.
- Overgrowth of Gum Tissue
Sometimes, a gummy smile is caused by an overgrowth of gum tissue. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including poor oral hygiene, certain medications, and hormonal changes during puberty or pregnancy.
Treatment Options for a Gummy Smile
- Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontic treatment, such as braces or Invisalign, can help correct a gummy smile by aligning the teeth and jaws. This can help create a more balanced and aesthetically pleasing smile. In some cases, orthodontic treatment may be combined with other treatments, such as gum reshaping, to achieve the desired results.
- Gum Reshaping
Gum reshaping, also known as gum contouring or gingivectomy, is a surgical procedure that removes excess gum tissue to create a more proportionate and balanced smile. During the procedure, a dentist or periodontist will use a laser or scalpel to remove the excess gum tissue. This can be a quick and effective way to correct a gummy smile.
- Lip Repositioning
Lip repositioning is a surgical procedure that involves repositioning the upper lip to cover more of the gums. This can be an effective treatment option for those who have excessive gum tissue due to a hyperactive lip muscle. During the procedure, a small incision is made in the upper lip, and the muscle is repositioned to cover more of the gums.
- Botox Injections
Botox injections can also be used to treat a gummy smile. When injected into the hyperactive muscles that control the upper lip, Botox can help relax these muscles and reduce the amount of gum tissue that is visible when smiling. While this treatment is non-surgical and minimally invasive, it is temporary and will need to be repeated every few months to maintain the desired results.
- Crown Lengthening
Crown lengthening is a surgical procedure that involves removing gum tissue and/or bone to expose more of the tooth’s surface. This can help create the appearance of longer teeth and reduce the amount of gum tissue that is visible when smiling. Crown lengthening can also be used to prepare a tooth for a dental restoration, such as a crown or bridge.
A gummy smile can be a source of self-consciousness and affect a person’s confidence. However, with advances in dental technology and treatment options, it is possible to correct a gummy smile and achieve a more balanced and aesthetically pleasing smile. It’s important to consult with a qualified dentist or periodontist to determine the best treatment plan for your individual needs.
With proper treatment and care, you can enjoy a beautiful, healthy smile that you can be proud of. Don’t let a gummy smile hold you back – take the first step towards a more confident you today! Visit The Dental home dental clinic in Gurgaon and get your gummy smile fixed by experts.